France is “very far from the exemplarity that one would expect of her” in terms of respect for public freedoms and human rights, denounces Amnesty International in its 2021 report, published on Tuesday March 29. The organization criticizes in particular a different reception policy for migrants depending on whether they are Ukrainian or of other nationalities. “What we have seen in recent weeks contrasts sharply with the way in which, last year, the public authorities spoke of the reception of Afghans” fleeing their country after the resumption of power by the Taliban in mid-August, recalled to the press Nathalie Godard, director of action for Amnesty International France.
The State has set up a reception and accommodation scheme offering “at least 100,000 places”, according to Prime Minister Jean Castex, for refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine. On August 16, in his speech on Afghanistan, Emmanuel Macron called for “anticipate and protect ourselves against significant irregular migratory flows”grinds Amnesty International.
Mme Godard also mentions the temporary protection granted by the European ministers of the EU to refugees from Ukraine which had “also requested for Afghans, without success”. “It is an illustration of the ‘double standards’ that are much denounced today”she added.
Temporary protection will allow Ukrainian refugees to stay in the European Union for up to three years, to work there, to access the school system and to receive medical care there. Amnesty International also stigmatizes “degrading treatment” suffered by exiles, in particular in Calais (Pas-de-Calais): “Police and local authorities restricted their access to humanitarian aid and harassed them. »
Critics of the fate of migrants in Calais and Grande-Synthe (North) were revived after the fatal shipwreck of 27 of them trying to cross the Channel on November 24, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) denouncing in particular lacerations of tents during evacuations, with the approval of the authorities. They denied the charges.
In its annual report, Amnesty International also concludes that France “is part” of the 67 countries in the world that have “adopted in 2021 laws that restrict freedom of expression, association and assembly”.
The NGO cites the promulgation at the end of July 2021 of the law on the prevention of terrorism, which notably endorses individual administrative control and surveillance measures (Micas).
The law on criminal responsibility and internal security of January 24, 2022, authorizing the capture of images of demonstrations by drones, constitutes, according to Amnesty, “one more step towards mass surveillance”.
Finally, the so-called law “separatism” August 24 “risk of opening the way to discriminatory practices” under the guise of fighting against radical Islamism, the organization believes.