What does the expression “new world order” cover and why does it arouse so many fantasies?

United States President Joe Biden in Washington on March 10, 2022.

” New world order ” : these three words, pronounced Monday March 21 by Joe Biden in a speech, caused a stir in several online conspiracy communities, who see in them the confirmation of a very old conspiracy theory. “This is when things change. There is going to be a new world order and we have to lead it,” declared the President of the United States in front of an audience of business leaders.

“We’ve been telling you for months, open your eyes to this organized gang that is taking us hostage! Add to that Biden who openly declares that the #new world order it’s now… But what more do you need to get up b****l! »protests a user. “Biden announces to us today that the “New World Order” begins! I thought that was a far-right conspiracy theory, right? In any case, we will have to fight against all these rotten people, they are unmasked and they are no longer hiding! », comments another.

This interpretation was taken up by Florian Philippot, president of the Patriots and former vice-president of the National Front (which has since become the National Rally), now a supporter of Nicolas Dupont-Aignan. ” At least things are clear ! Let us fight for our freedoms and the sovereignty of the peoples”he urged, as if this ” new world order “ was a promise of enslavement. But what is he really talking about?

What is the “New World Order” conspiracy theory?

The theory of the “New World Order” (NOM, or NWO, from English new world order), recognizable by its evocative spelling, with the three words including an initial capital letter, speculates on the existence of an occult coalition that would hatch a plan to establish a new global form of governance. It is often associated with a plan of the “globalists”, who would work for the dissolution of nations and the sovereignty of peoples.

In its most ethereal version, the NAME refers either to a totalitarian planetary government that would benefit a hidden elite (Freemasons, Illuminati or even, in its most extreme versions, extraterrestrials), or to this evil elite itself.

In order to reinforce the belief in a precise entity and a Machiavellian plan, conspiratorial literature opposes heroic resistance fighters and demonized allies. Thus, several conspiratorial publications relate that “Russia has freed itself from the clutches of the New World Order” or associate it with other conspiracy theories, such as that of the “Great Reset”, and present Vladimir Putin as their main opponent.

What is this theory based on?

Rumors are based on three types of factual elements.

  • The existence of supra-state institutions, such as the United Nations Organization, the World Health Organization or the International Monetary Fund, accused of defending an American-centric, globalized vision that is hostile to the sovereignty of nations.
  • The existence of private discussion groups between international leaders, often not very transparent, such as the Davos Forum, the trilateral commission or the Bilderberg group, whose opaque and undemocratic functioning can be the subject of legitimate criticism, but also gives rise to many fantasies.
  • The occurrence in the speeches of certain Heads of State of the expression “new world order”, such as George HW Bush in 1990, Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009 or Joe Biden in 2022. Regardless of the context and the content of the speech, it is seen as proof of the reality of a plan explaining all international events.

What does the expression “new world order” used by heads of state really refer to?

These words are generally pronounced in contexts of economic crisis or war, events that lead to upheavals in the geopolitical balance of the planet.

In 1990, the pax americana (“American peace”). The term imposes itself in international relations to designate the world after the Cold War. On September 11, 1990, before Congress, to justify the intervention in Iraq, George Bush declared as follows:

“The crisis in the Persian Gulf, as serious as it is, also offers a rare opportunity to move towards a period of historic cooperation. From these troubled times, our fifth goal, a new world order, can emerge: a new era, free from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice, and surer in the pursuit of peace. An era in which the nations of the world, East and West, North and South, can propose and live in harmony. »

It then has a meaning very close to pax americana: with the collapse of the Soviet bloc, an era begins which should be marked by peace, international cooperation and the dissemination of the American model.

In 2009, the post-Lehman Brothers. Almost nineteen years later, French President Nicolas Sarkozy declares:

“2009 can be the year of the birth of a new capitalism, of a new world order, a year of decisive progress towards peace. (…) We will go together towards this new world order and no one, I mean no one, will be able to oppose it. »

Both the context and the issue are very different: the French president speaks in the aftermath of the 2008 economic crisis and targets the failures of the banking regulation system, which did not prevent it. These promises of a new world order may, however, be more political communication than reality.

In 2022, the return of the East-West division. Mr. Biden’s recent statement comes in the context of Russia’s war in Ukraine. Drawing a parallel with 1946, the date of the Yalta conference and the partition of the world into two large rival blocs, Mr. Biden calls for “uniting the rest of the free world” behind the United States.

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